Air India is the oldest and most popular airline in India. This airline is part of Air India Limited (AIL), owned by the Indian government. It is ranked number 16 among the main airlines in Asia. It remains the national airline of India with a global network of passenger and cargo services.
Air India was previously started as Tata Airlines in 1932, but had to close its operations during World War II. After the end of the war, the company restored its services in 1946 and became a public limited company called Air India.
On June 8, 1948, the company began its international services, with a weekly flight from Mumbai to London through Cairo and Geneva. Under the Air Corporations Act of 1953, the Government nationalized the air transport industry and Air India International Limited was born.
The main centers of the airline are located at the Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi and at the Chattrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai. The airlines previously had their international center at the Frankfurt International Airport, but it closed in 2010 due to the amount of setbacks and losses the company suffers. The president of the company had announced that they would make the Indira Gandhi International Airport their national and international center.
In 1960, he entered the jet era and acquired the first Boeing 707 420 called Gauri Shankar and registered as VT-DJJ. The first jet services began in New York City through London. After 2 years it became the first reaction airline in the world. The airline entered the Guinness Book of world records for the largest evacuation carried out by a civil aircraft, evacuating more than 111,000 people from Amman to Mumbai, a distance of 4,117 km, operating 488 flights in conjunction with Indian Airlines, during August to October 1990 and this operation lasted 59 days. The operation was carried out during the Persian Gulf War in 1990.
The combined losses for Air India in the 2009-10 financial year were Rs. 770 million rupees. Airlines currently operate at approximately 44 destinations worldwide. It also has codeshare agreements with many international airlines to expand coverage.
It provides first class cabin services, executive class and economy class. Some of the other services include luxury lounges for first-class and executive-class passengers at specific destinations at their land terminals. The company has duty-free sales of its flights, known as "Sky Bazaar." The airline is now a proud Star Alliance partner and is supposed to be connected by Alliance Air and Air India Express. In 2006-2007, airlines began to show signs of financial crises.
The Maharaja Lounge is offered to first class and executive class passengers. Currently, the headquarters are located at Nariman Point in southern Mumbai, the airline moved there in 1970. The building also served as the headquarters of Indian Airlines.